National Institutes of Health have warned that caffeine can cause major health conditions, including problems with heart and blood vessels.

A couple apparently learned this truth the hard way when the husband was left with a hole in the skull and suffered a brain hemorrhage after what doctors termed as ‘excessive energy drink consumption,’ according to his wife.

Energy drink-related emergencies doubled between 2007 and 2011, especially among people over the age of 40, according to NIH report.

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What are some risks associated with energy drinks?
Energy drinks ‘can be termed as ‘dangerous’ because large amounts of caffeine may cause serious heart rhythm, blood flow and blood pressure problems, according to NIH.

American Heart Association AHA researchers have warned that energy drinks can be ‘life threatening‘, especially for those already with cardiac issues or high blood pressure.

Another facts according to NIH is that energy drinks disrupts sleep pattern, causes heart palpitations, anxiety, contribute to digestive programs, lead to dehydration and increase blood pressure.

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Study finds that energy drinks could increase the risk of  cocaine use, and can lead to death

Earlier this year, a South Carolina teenager was reportedly dead after consuming an excessive amount of caffeine in a short amount of time. Children with still-developing cardiovascular and nervous systems are also at risk if exposed to caffeine use. The American Academy of Pediatrics said children should never consume energy drinks.

Is mixing alcohol and energy drinks dangerous?
Experts have warned against mixing energy drinks and alcohol may inhibit young adults’ ability to tell their level of intoxication. The NIH estimated that about 25% of college students mix alcohol and energy drinks and binge-drink ‘significantly higher’ than others.

What ingredients are commonly found in energy drinks?
Caffeine and sugar are ingredients typically found in energy drinks, according to the University of Maryland’s Legal Resource Center for Public Health Policy. The center said that the drinks contain large amounts of sugar comparable to sodas and fruit drinks, as well as artificial sweeteners.

Why energy drinks are harming your kids

Taurine, an amino acid, is also often found in energy drinks, as a caffeine adjuvant which supports the effects of caffeine. Other common ingredients; kola nuts guarana and yerba matè – also can contain caffeine or other caffeine stimulants, the center found.

What are some helpful alternatives to energy drinks?
It is possible to stay energized without the use of an energy drink. Villanova University recommends eating a balanced breakfast and foods with soy. It also recommends drinking water and green tea.