Day by day, health experts and others in the medical line keep talking about the need for people to take proper care of their body and keeping it in check regularly. One of the parts which has been hammered on more often than not, is the Liver. The Liver is a very important body organ which performs very important body functions which include producing hormones, filtering out toxins and also breaking down macronutrients from the food we consume.
The liver despite its essential functions, is not without its own malfunctions. By malfunction, I mean that the Liver often times can get infections usually caused by a virus. The infection to the liver is called hepatitis and could be as a result of several viral strains. In the event of this liver infection, quick medical attention as well as monitoring needs to be served and that is why Nurse Blogger, Princess Linda Moses has intimated us on this subject matter.
While you can contract hepatitis through drugs, alcohol, toxins or even an autoimmune response, most of the cases occur due to viral infections. These viral infections come majorly in five different forms, and they are each caused by a different virus. We will be taking a closer look at the most common forms of hepatitis and they are: Hepatitis A, B and C.
This virus is often spread through contaminated food or water and it presents itself in an infected person’s fecal matter. Most Hepatitis A cases are mild, & an infected person can ordinarily fend off the virus by getting adequate hydration, food and rest. Nonetheless, this form of hepatitis can in some cases, be life-threatening, especially in areas where sanitation is poor.
On its own part, Hepatitis B can spread through the transfer of bodily fluids. A person can contract the virus through the use of contaminated needles or other medical equipment, blood, and also through mother to her child transmission during birth. A baby may also contract the virus from an already infected person in during childhood. A lot of people do not know that they have contracted the virus, and therefore live with it unreported.
In the case of Hepatitis B, an infected person will only need specific treatment in the event of a chronic infection. A doctor will often prescribe antiviral medication & may also monitor the infected patient to ensure the treatment is working.
Hepatitis C is mostly spread through contact with an infected person’s blood. One can contract the virus through having a blood transfusion, or using a contaminated medical equipment or injected drug. It is also possible but rare that a person can contract hepatitis C through sexual intercourse with an infected person.
For its treatment at acute and chronic stages, patients will usually need a series of antiviral medications. Doctors often conduct further testing to target the treatment. In the case of patients who develop liver disease or cirrhosis, a doctor may often recommend a liver transplant.
Symptoms Of Hepatitis
The symptoms for hepatitis sometimes go unnoticed because of their slow manifestation. That is why there could be thousands or even millions of people who are living with chronic hepatitis infections without even knowing it. The symptoms for hepatitis include:
- Dark urine or discolored stool
- Extreme fatigue
- Flu-like symptoms
- Abdominal pain
- Weight loss
- Yellowed skin or eyes
To diagnose the infection, a doctor will likely perform physical examinations, pressing down on the stomach. He is likely to take blood samples to know if your liver is functioning properly. If the test results are abnormal, the doctor may conduct more blood tests for hepatitis specifically or opt for a biopsy or an ultrasound.
How To Prevent Hepatitis
The best way to prevent the virus is through adequate sanitation and proper vaccination. Make sure your hands are washed regularly throughout the day, and especially before meals. Also, avoid direct contact with another person’s bodily fluids and blood. In addition, stay updated on the vaccines for hepatitis A and B. As of now, there is no available vaccination for hepatitis C.
Finally, be sure to report for checkups regularly with your doctor even in the case of suspicion or you notice any of the above mentioned symptoms. Hepatitis infection needs to be addressed because the infection can impair or damage the liver, causing a lot of problems in many functional parts of the body.